The prevalence of anti-social activities in society has led governments to introduce measures aimed at curbing crime and fostering growth. In trying to find solutions that grow the economy, modern technology has been adopted and thankfully the outcome has been near perfect.
Jovago.com; Africa’s No 1 Online Hotel Booking Portal highlights some tech ideas which have been introduced to increase efficiency as well as check fraud in Nigeria.
Card Reader/Permanent Voters Card
The consistent manipulation of election results prompted the former Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), headquartered in Abuja with state offices across Nigeria, to introduce Card Readers and Permanent Voter’s Cards during the 2015 election process. The card readers can study fingerprints, record the number of accepted and rejected cards as well as the correct number of voters. It also records the number of male and female voters and to a very large extent, it brought a bit of sanity into Nigeria’s electoral system.
Bank Verification Number (BVN)
Improving efficiency, checking fraud and quick access to credit facilities are the reasons why the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) initiated the idea of the Bank Verification Number. It requires every bank account holder to visit their local banks where biodata will be collected and registered in a central data base. According the CBN, it is compulsory for all account holders and you can only do it once. It is expected to make interbank transactions less cumbersome.
SIM card Registration
Sim card Registration is one the first steps taken to tackle theft and fraud in Nigeria. It was introduced by the Nigerian Communication Commission (NCC) in 2011. With notarization all unregistered SIMs were deactivated. At present, sim registration is helping in tracking stolen items and aiding security agencies in arresting criminal suspects.
Biometrics are now used in almost all spheres of human life. It involves using biological or behavioural characteristics to identify an individual. It is not only restricted to fingerprints alone as genetic DNA, palm prints, voice patterns and facial patterns can also be used according to the FBI.
In Nigeria, fingerprints are the most common markers used in biometrics. Jamb registration, National Identity card, and Permanent voter’s card among others now apply this service in-country. Over the years, Biometrics has been used to fight unresolved crime all over the world as well as check the menace of Ghost workers in many government ministries across Nigeria.